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Yellow Sweetclover
(Melilotus officinalis) 

Yellow sweet clover is a biennial introduced from Eurasia and naturalized throughout the United States. The well-branched stems can grow from 61 to 183 cm (24 to 72 in.) tall with medium green leaves. The small, yellow, pea-like flowers appear in late spring or early summer. Sweet clover is adapted to a wide range of soil types and can be found on disturbed lands, road cuts and burrow pits.

Seed should be drilled 1.3 to 2.5 cm (½ to 1 in.) deep, but can be planted slightly deeper on lighter, drier soils. Planting dates are late winter to early spring for maximum first-year pasture. Inoculate seed to induce nitrogen fixation. It is widely used for temporary pasture, hay, silage crops and for cover on disturbed sites.




.5 to 2.2 kg/93 sq. m
0.5 to 2 lbs./1000 sq. ft.


3.4 to 5.6 kg PLS/hectare
3 to 5 lbs. PLS/acre



262,000 per lb. (0.46 kg)



Madrid is an improved variety of common yellow blossom biennial sweetclover. It was introduced from Spain and first planted in Texas at the Denton Experiment Station. Madrid should be planted in the spring in order to take advantage of its biennial characteristics. It sill provide legume grazing throughout the Summer and Fall until a hard freeze stops its growth.

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