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Sainfoin
(Onobrychis viciaefolia)

 

Sainfoin is a perennial introduced from Eruasia. Stems arise from a branched root crown to a height of 30.5 to 91 cm (12 to 36 in.). The pink to purple, pea-like flowers bloom throughout the summer. Sainfoil grows on a wide variety of soils in areas with a mean annual precipitation of 41 to 51 cm (16 to 20 in.).

Drill or broadcast seed 1.3 to 2.5 cm (½ to 1 in.) deep. Plantings should be made in early spring on dry land sites or late spring to early summer for irrigated sites. Inoculate seed just prior to planting to induce nitrogen fixation. Sainfoin is used for hay or pasture.

 

SEEDING RATES:

37 to 50 kg PLS /hectare
35 to 45 lbs. PLS/acre

 

NUMBER OF SEEDS:

18,000 pods per lb. (0.46 kg)
26,000 shelled per lb. (0.46 kg)

 

VARIETIES:

Remont
Remont Sainfoin was released in 1971 by Montana Agricultural Experiment Station as a hay and pasture variety. It has excellent recovery after cutting or pasturing and is similar to alfalfa in growth habit. It will start growth in the spring two or three weeks ahead of alfalfa.
Remont is more resistant to frost than alfalfa. It is also resistant to the alfalfa weevil, spotted aphid, and pea aphid.
Remont is extremely winter hardy. It is higher in sugar and carbohydrates which accounts for its palatability and high rates of consumption.


 



Renumex

Renumex Sainfoin was released by New Mexico State University. It is a protected variety and is under exclusive rights to Curtis & Curtis, Inc. It is a non-bloating legume selected for rapid recovery after cutting or pasturing. It is similar in growth characteristics to alfalfa. It can be mixed with cool-season grasses for a high quality pasture.
Renumex is particularly well adapted to cobby, poor soils with good drainage. It is extremely palatable and must be managed carefully to prevent overgrazing. It is equal in feed value to alfalfa.
Renumex starts growth in the spring two to three weeks ahead of alfalfa. It is somewhat more tolerant of heat, having been selected in New Mexico. It is resistant to the alfalfa weevil, spotted aphid and pea aphid.


 



Shoshone

Shoshone is a variety developed for high tolerance to northern root-knot nematode. It makes a very high quality, non-bloat legume. Shoshone can be utilized in a grazing system or mixed with grass for great hay.

 

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