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Fourwing Saltbush

(Atriplex canescens)


Fourwing saltbush, often called "chamiza," is a grayish-white, freely-branched shrub, from 61 to 183 cm (24 to 72 in.) in height and 0.9 to 2.4 cm (3 to 8 in.) in diameter. The leaves are scaly, stemless, somewhat fleshy, usually linear and up to 5 cm (2 in.) long. It is found in all land resource areas of New Mexico except the Rocky Mountain area. It characteristically inhabits dry, moderately saline or alkaline soils of drainage ditches and foothill regions. It is frequently the dominant species over extensive areas. It grows best on soils of a basic or calcareous nature. Fourwing saltbush is perhaps the most important browse shrub of the Southwest and is certainly one of the most palatable.

For range seeding, the seed can be drilled to a depth of 1.3 to 2.5 cm (½ to 1 in.). Spring or mid-summer seedings are generally more successful in the Southwest. Fourwing saltbush can be mixed with grass species and seeded in the late fall or winter in the inter-mountain area. Double the seeding rate for winged seed.



6.7 to 8.9 kg PLS /hectare
6 to 8 lbs. PLS/acre



35,000 to 55,000 per lb. (0.46 kg)

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