Black Grama

(Bouteloua eriopoda) 

Black grama is widespread in the Southwest and is considered one of the best forage plants of the area. It forms a weak sod by rooting at the nodes of the slender stems, allowing Black grama to perpetuate itself. Normally, it is a very poor seed producer. Black grama is found on medium to coarse textured soils and is very drought tolerant. It is palatable and nutritious throughout the year when used for range seedings. It can also be used for stabilizing critical areas and roadsides. 

The seed is chaffy, but the spikelets are very small. Seed should be planted no deeper than 1.3 ern (1/2 in.) and no later than August 1, so that the soil temperatures will be high enough for good germination. 


0.6 to 1.1 kg PLS/hectare 
0.5 to 1 lb. PLS/acre 


1,355,000 per lb. (0.46 kg) 



Nogal black gram a was released in 1971 by the New Mexico State University Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA Soil Conservation Service. The original seed was collected 72.5 km (45 mi.) south of Socorro, New Mexico. It has excellent seedling vigor, aggressive stolon production and good seed production. Nogal is well adapted to dry- gravelly, sandy or sandy-loam soils below 2,134 m (7,000 ft.).


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