Buffalograss

(Buchloe dactyloides)  

Buffalograss is native warm-season, sod-forming, short grass of the Great Plains. It spreads by surface runners or stolons. It is commonly found on medium to fine textured soils. As it reaches its western and southern limits of adaptation, it is usually found in low, marshy areas and depressions. It has been widely planted in the Great Plains area with very good results. Forage production is less than that of blue grama. Buffalograss could be considered a special purpose grass for seeding waterways and depleted clay upland sites where erosion control is paramount.

The seed is commonly sold in the form of  burs. It is easily handled and drilled. It should be planted when soil temperatures are high enough to insure germination and establishment.

Buffalograss has been used for years as a lawn grass around many ranch houses and homestead where it was part of the native vegetation. The areas where it was used on the uplands on drier parts of the central Great Plains and southern High Plains, locally know as the "short-grass country". However, it is only in recent years that Buffalograss has gotten the attention it deserves as a lawn grass for use in the cities and urban areas (as maintenance and water have increased, especially in New Mexico and West Texas). The main advantages for lawn and certain recreational area usage are: it has low maintenance requirements, needs little or no fertilizer, requires infrequent mowing, has low water requirements, and is relatively free of diseases and insect damage. Buffalograss is dormant after the first few frosts in the fall, but still presents a pleasing aspect with its tan to reddish-tan fall and winter color.

 

SEEDING RATE:

PASTURE

9 to 11.2 kg PLS/hectare
8 to 10 lbs. PLS/acre

LAWN

1 to 1.9 kg PLS/93 sq. m
2 to 4 lbs. PLS/1000 sq. ft.

 

NUMBER OF SEEDS:

40,000 burs per lb. (0.46 kg)
275,000 seeds per lb. (0.46 kg)

 

VARIETIES:

Texoka
The Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station in cooperation with the Kansas and Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations and the USDA Agricultural Research Service and Soil Conservation Service released Texoka Buffalograss in 1974. Texoka is a synthetic variety derived from 10 selected clones. As the variety name indicates, the parents from these clones were selected from Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas buffalograss populations.
The outstanding feature of Texoka is its high seed producing potential. Under good management it frequently produced more than 1,120 kg/hectare (1,000 lbs./acre). Texoka is well adapted to northwestern Texas, western Kansas, western Oklahoma and eastern New Mexico. It is suited for forage production on rangeland, for erosion control on critical areas and for turf in lawns and recreational areas.



Cody
Cody Buffalograss has become the standard by which buffalograss is measured, having established itself as a premier warm season turfgrass. Faster establishment, higher density, lower growth rate, excellent winter hardiness, low water requirement, darker color, fine texture and a wide area of adaptation give Cody the edge as the choice for low maintenance areas. Seed in late spring to early summer when soil temps are 50 degrees or above.
Seeding Rate: 2-3 lbs/1,000 sq ft on residential or golf courses, 1-2 lbs/1,000 sq ft on industrial sites, and 3-4 lbs /1,000 sq ft for soil stabilization.

 



Bowie
Developed specifically for turf quality, Bowie possesses medium green color, fine leaf texture, good turf density, and low growth habit. Bowie has improved lateral growth for quicker establishment, low water usage and good winterhardiness. These traits significantly reduce labor, irrigation, mowing and fertilization costs. Bowie buffalograss meets all of today’s standards for a low maintenance turfgrass. Seed in late spring to early summer when soil temps are 50 degrees or above.Seeding Rate: 2-3 lbs/1,000 sq ft on residential or golf courses, 1-2 lbs/1,000 sq ft on industrial sites, and 3-4 lbs /1,000 sq ft for soil stabilization.

 



Sundancer
Sundancer turf type buffalograss is the newest release from the Native Turf Group in cooperation with the University of Nebraska.  Sundancer, released in July of 2014, is the “hottest buffalograss under the sun” and is the most advanced turf type buffalograss available to the turf industry today.  Compared to other seeded cultivars that were evaluated at eight geographically distinct locations, Sundancer established faster, had darker green color, and had better canopy density.  Once established, Sundancer outperformed the other entries for turfgrass quality, color, spring green-up and canopy density.  Sundancer is a broadly adapted seeded buffalograss  and is an example of the advancements made in buffalograss cultivar development through strategic breeding efforts.  Seed in late spring to early summer when soil temps are 50 degrees or above.


 


Alkali Sacaton
 
Atherstone Lovegrass Giant Bermuda Black Grama Blue Grama Blue Panic Boer Lovegrass Big Bluestem

Bluestem (Caucasian)
 
Little Bluestem Sand Bluestem Buffalograss Bush Muhly Curly Mesquite Galleta Giant Dropseed

Green Sprangletop
 
Indiangrass Kleingrass Lehmann Lovegrass Mesa Dropseed Mountain Muhly Plains Bristlegrass Plains Lovegrass

Prairie Sandreed
 
Reed Canarygrass Giant Sacaton Sand Dropseed Sand Lovegrass Sideoats Grama Spike Muhly Switchgrass

Tabosa
 
Vine Mesquite Weeping Lovegrass Yellow Bluestem        

 

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